瓦伦西亚凭什么成为“世界设计之都”?

世界设计组织在不久前公布了2022年的“世界设计之都”,西班牙的第三大城市瓦伦西亚在和班加罗尔(印度)的PK中摘取了桂冠,成为第八个获此称号的城市。瓦伦西亚到底有什么设计魅力?DECO花费了三天为你找到了答案。

Architecture, Building, Mode of transport, Tourism, Vehicle, Facade, Historic site, City, Place of worship, Temple,
ELLEDECO家居廊

世界设计组织在不久前公布了2022年的“世界设计之都”,西班牙的第三大城市瓦伦西亚在和班加罗尔(印度)的PK中摘取了桂冠,成为第八个获此称号的城市。瓦伦西亚到底有什么设计魅力?DECO花费了三天为你找到了答案。



01

瓦伦西亚家具展览会
Feria Habitat Valencia

Building, Sky, Architecture, Property, Town, Commercial building, Mixed-use, House, City, Real estate,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Sky, Street sign, Signage, Street light, Sign, Tree, Banner, Street, Advertising, City,
ELLEDECO家居廊

如果还有什么最能说明瓦伦西亚作为设计之都的理由,莫过于这里一年一度的瓦伦西亚家具展览会(Feria Habitat Valencia)。作为欧洲最大的家具展之一,这里聚集了西班牙最优质的设计品牌,同时也能看到一些冉冉升起的设计新星,是你了解当下西班牙设计发展最快速的途径。

Building, Architecture, Mixed-use, Metropolitan area, Commercial building, City, Facade, Headquarters, Tower block, Urban design,
ELLEDECO家居廊

今年,DECO再次受ANIEME西班牙家具行业协会的邀请前往,也带大家重新认识一下来自西班牙的优秀设计。

Interior design, Furniture, Building, Room, Design, Lobby, Ceiling, Chair, Architecture, Living room,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Interior design, Room, Living room, Furniture, Floor, Table, Couch, Flooring, Peach, House,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Red, Interior design, Room, Furniture, Living room, Building, Table, Design, Ceiling, Architecture,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Red, Textile, Room, Interior design,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Sancal:西班牙式的热情在Sancal的展位里显露无疑,相对其他拥有悠久历史的品牌,这个创始于1973年的年轻公司,近几年却在国内快速大放异彩,因其时髦、充满情趣又不失舒适感的设计广受年轻人的喜爱,尤以它慵懒舒适的沙发深得人心,也诞生了不少堪称经典的家具。今年,与设计师Luca Nichetto合作的全新系列将他们的展位变成了一个用模块拼接的天地,放置在哪里都很抢眼。

Furniture, Living room, Room, Property, Interior design, Table, Coffee table, Couch, Wall, House,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Interior design, Furniture, Room, Living room, Coffee table, House, Lighting, Table, Chair, Design,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Furniture, Nature, Room, Tree, Wall, Interior design, Living room, Houseplant, Couch, Plant,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Andreu World:Andreu World可以算是纯种的瓦伦西亚本土设计品牌,从1957年诞生第一把设计椅Model 72至今,他们一直在工艺和设计上发扬自己对木头的了解和热爱。他们将木头作为品牌的核心,将自己对生活的哲学、对时间的珍视投掷在每一件设计当中。今年,他们带来了全新的户外家具系列,在木头的基础上添加了更多材质变化,从阳台到花园,设计选材在尊重环境的基础上又方便保养,造型更是匹敌室内的家具。

Architecture, Daylighting, Fixture, Symmetry, Engineering, Transparent material, Roof lantern, Steel, Beam, Transparency,
ELLEDECO家居廊
White, Lobby, Architecture, Interior design, Design, Floor, Building, Automotive design, Material property, Ceiling,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Furniture, Room, Interior design, Architecture, Design, Couch, House, Material property, Table, Floor,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Interior design, Living room, Property, Room, Ceiling, Building, Furniture, Architecture, House, Design,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Vondom:对于国内的消费者来说,“科技咖”Vondom可算是最熟悉的西班牙品牌之一,拥有多项专利技术的他们,一直在源源不断地为大众输出适用于极端环境的户外产品。在这次的家具展上,他们声势浩大地提出Vondom Revolution,这个概念从今年和设计师Eugeni Quitllet合作的Ibiza系列中就能看出,材料来源于从海洋中回收的塑料废物,他们希望借此发扬可持续发展的家具制造浪潮,扭转家具产业对环境的负面影响。

Living room, Furniture, Couch, Interior design, Room, Property, Product, Table, Design, House,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Room, Furniture, Interior design, Property, House, Chair, Building, Table, Architecture, Design,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Swing, Lighting, Light fixture, Footwear, Lamp, Ceiling fixture, Furniture, Lighting accessory, Chair, Interior design,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Expormim:西班牙品牌Expormim如今也已经走过了60年的历史,虽然是以古老的藤编工艺著长,Expormim却一直视设计为灵魂,紧密联结着西班牙本土设计师,从与Mario Ruiz、MUT Design合作出品了一系列经典产品,到与Jaime Hayon合作Frames系列,今年又加入了Ludovica + Roberto Palomba为其设计的Liz家具,他们一直在寻求变化,在古老材质中注入更多新鲜的气息。

Furniture, Room, Interior design, Property, Wall, Living room, Bedroom, Building, Floor, Couch,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Living room, Room, Interior design, Furniture, Wall, Property, Couch, Architecture, Design, Building,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Product, Interior design, Furniture, Design, Advertising, Room, Material property, Floor, Architecture, Table,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Lebom:西班牙本土相当年轻的设计品牌,“more than a sofa”,在他们的设计宣言中,希望通过他们所设计的产品来激发你生产创意。他们与一系列的设计师、设计组合合作,风格从展位中也可见一斑,是时下在年轻人中最为讨巧的小清新,充满了与品牌一致的活力和无所畏惧,倡导的“get bored”,则是在告诫快速运行的社会机制也要懂得停下来,在休息中重新创作。

Interior design, Property, Room, Architecture, Building, Design, Furniture, Table, Ceiling, Wood,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Furniture, Room, Interior design, Table, Wall, Design, Chair, Material property, Wood, Plywood,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Furniture, Interior design, Room, Couch, Floor, Table, Wall, Sofa bed, studio couch, Living room,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Furniture, Table, Interior design, Room, Coffee table, Wall, Material property, Tile, Floor, Architecture,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Viccarbe:同样也流淌着纯纯的瓦伦西亚血统,在他们合作的设计师名单中,不乏Jaime Hayon、Patricia Urquiola、Jean-Marie Massaud这样的大师。他们的设计总能有机平衡轻盈和厚重,通过材质和线条将瓦伦西亚的阳光带入到生活的细微之处,让你时刻被温暖包裹。

Red, Automotive design, Architecture, Furniture, Design, Couch, Tree, Room, Interior design, Recreation,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Red, Green, Property, Furniture, Interior design, Room, Architecture, House, Table, Design,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Furniture, Red, Couch, Outdoor furniture, Leisure, Chaise longue, Tree, Table, Vacation, Sitting,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Diabla:对于一个被阳光偏爱的国家,西班牙的户外家具品牌发展尤为蓬勃,年轻的Diabla作为户外家具Gandiablasco旗下品牌,从设计到整体的创意视觉都在向年轻人们发出“到自然中来”的热切邀请。今年的家具展上,他们也带来了一系列与不同设计师合作的色彩浓郁的新产品,自在交互的空间让人忍不住坐下来闲谈聊天,不经意间被大幅的海报带入到自然中去。



02

古典与现代的建筑交响

Architecture, Building, Mode of transport, Tourism, Vehicle, Facade, Historic site, City, Place of worship, Temple,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Bicycle, Architecture, Vehicle, Sky, Human settlement, Building, City, Design, Recreation, Tourism,
ELLEDECO家居廊

那么,展览之外的瓦伦西亚城与设计又有什么关联?这座拥有年均300天阳光的热土有着典型欧洲城市的样貌,现代与历史的紧密交织,当地人在不断推进高速现代化进程中,也不忘带着往昔璀璨的物质文明前行:这边是宏伟有如巨兽的斗牛场,旁侧便是时髦林立的现代化商城;瓦伦西亚主教堂这样极具西班牙宗教特色的历史建筑也没有因为时光而被遗忘,反倒在现代精进的修缮手法中不断还原直到重现旧日先人们朝圣时虔诚的敬畏之心。

Lobby, Building, Architecture, Dome, Daylighting, Tourism, Leisure, Tourist attraction,
ELLEDECO家居廊

瓦伦西亚邮局也是现代与历史结合的产物,如今依旧是这个城市居民重要的通信场所。

当然,“例行公事”地打卡名胜古迹固然必不可少,但设计之旅中,探寻瓦伦西亚现代文明时期的设计精髓也同样重要。


瓦伦西亚艺术科学城

Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias

Metropolitan area, Sky, City, Landmark, Architecture, Cloud, Building, Human settlement, Urban area, Metropolis,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Public space, Sky, Architecture, Tree, Tourism, City, Vacation, Leisure,
ELLEDECO家居廊

1991年,西班牙建筑大师Santiago Calatrava凭借其标志性的未来主义设计在一次竞赛中拔得头筹,赢得在其家乡瓦伦西亚建造一组集科学博物馆、海洋馆、剧院、公园等建筑群——瓦伦西亚科学城的机会。原本荒潦的城市边缘,因为这片“外星建筑群”涅槃重生,成为瓦伦西亚的名片。而它在带动城市业态发展的同时,也宣告着海鲜饭的家乡不仅仅只有美食,设计同样可以震撼人心。来瓦伦西亚必然要来这里瞻仰一下。

Sky, Architecture, Cloud, Tree, Building, Skyscraper, Space, City, Tourist attraction, World,
ELLEDECO家居廊

位于金色堤坝大桥(Puente l'Assut d'Or)旁的室内网球馆(Agora)。

Architecture, Landmark, Building, Design, City, Skyscraper, Reflection, Tourism, Leisure, World,
ELLEDECO家居廊

海洋馆(Oceanográfico),这里拥有超过四万海洋生物,欧洲最大的海洋馆

在Santiago Calatrava的建筑里行走,你可以感受到与自然最直接的碰触,每一座白色建筑的骨骼在西班牙特有的晴空下和光影共舞,玻璃映射水天一体,室内如鱼鳞般的墙面肌理微微闪光,时空也在建筑内流转。

Landmark, Fixed link, Architecture, Bridge, Skyway, Tourist attraction, Nonbuilding structure, Arch bridge, World,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Architecture, Symmetry, Triangle, Building,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Architecture, Design, Tourist attraction, Art,
ELLEDECO家居廊

鱼骨状的菲利佩王子科学博物馆(El Museo de las Ciencias Príncipe Felipe),除了展馆内的丰富自然人文展览,馆外也经常会展出艺术家的雕塑或装置作品,最近博物馆前的水池上就可以看到Jaume Plensa的Carmela系列雕塑,与建筑形成了有趣的视觉互动。坐在场馆前碧蓝的水池边,感受灿阳和热风如今也成了当地人的一种生活方式。

Architecture, Lobby, Building, Metropolitan area, Interior design, Ceiling, Facade,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Door, Interior design, Ceiling, Building, Glass, Room, Tile, Floor, Flooring, Black-and-white,
ELLEDECO家居廊

菲利佩王子科学博物馆内

Cloud, Architecture, Tourism, Landmark, World, Reflection, Tourist attraction, Dome, Dome, Headquarters,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Architecture, Swimming pool, Building, Design, City, Mixed-use, Skyscraper, Commercial building, Leisure, Interior design,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Sky, Light, Lighting, Technology, Stage,
ELLEDECO家居廊

眼球状的天文馆 (Hemispheric)和索菲亚皇后剧院(Palau de las Artes Reina Sofia),前者也是集IMAX超大屏幕和激光放映为一体的电影院。

Bombas Gens Centre d'Art

Building, Architecture, City, Human settlement, Urban area, Scale model, Mixed-use, Metropolitan area, Urban design, Sport venue,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Architecture, Room, Building, Interior design, Tomb,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Bombas Gens艺术中心是Fundació Per Amor a l’Art创始人最重要的改造项目之一,以展出重要收藏和举办临时展览为主,这里曾是液压泵的旧工厂,改造后依然可以在其中看到部分遗留的建筑结构和文物。除此之外,在这里还能找到酒窖、星级餐厅……如果想要一次性了解瓦伦西亚的当代艺术和设计现状,来这里准没错。

Building, Ceiling, Architecture, Property, Interior design, Lobby, Floor, Room, Loft, House,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Property, Building, Architecture, Interior design, Lobby, Room, Real estate, Condominium, Loft, House,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Ricard Camarena艺术餐厅

Ricard Camarena艺术餐厅就坐落在这个艺术中心内,由设计事务所Francesc Rifé与米其林厨师Ricard Camarena共同打造。用餐空间被分为两个主要部分:可以看见工厂墙壁的三角形区域以及位于五个翻新过的顶棚下方的吧台。

Interior design, Room, Building, Architecture, Furniture, Wall, Ceiling, House, Lobby, Floor,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Building, Interior design, Room, Ceiling, Architecture, Property, Furniture, Living room, Wall, House,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Snapshot, Darkness, Black-and-white, Infrastructure, Architecture, Night, Street, Photography, Monochrome, Monochrome photography,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Ricard Camarena艺术餐厅

Bombas Gens地址:Avda. Burjassot N.54, 46009 Valencia, Spain


Convent Carmen

Graffiti, Wall, Street art, Art, Architecture, Tree, Font, Mural, Facade, Roof,
ELLEDECO家居廊

这个外立面被瓦伦西亚特色涂鸦布满的17世纪宗教建筑曾是San José修道院,经过设计事务所Francesc Rifé的改造后,如今更名为Carmen修道院对外开放。虽然仍以修道院的命名,内部空间却已高度转型为集文化、美食和酒店为一体的综合空间,是瓦伦西亚新旧共存的又一个代表作。

Ceiling, Building, Architecture, Daylighting, Lobby, Ballroom, Interior design, Symmetry, Hall,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Building, Ceiling, Property, Interior design, Room, Architecture, Lighting, Molding, Lobby, Palace,
ELLEDECO家居廊

综合功能空间采用黑色的金属架沿着老教堂的骨骼架构出一个内部的建筑,在保护原建筑面貌不受破坏的同时,也加入了现代的装饰气息。

Property, Architecture, House, Building, Room, Home, Tree, Real estate, Interior design, Estate,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Tree, Night, Architecture, Building,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Property, Building, Architecture, Home, Real estate, Leisure, Tree, House, Room, Pavilion,
ELLEDECO家居廊

位于教堂另一侧的花园则被改造成了一个美食“市场”,所有的美食供应都是由米其林厨师Miguel Ángel Mayor设计打造,加入餐车的概念在花园中设立了三个不同的美食点,融合了街边小吃和亚洲美食以及创意料理。

Convent Carmen地址:Placa del Portal N.6, 46003 Valencia, Spain


MERKATO餐厅

Property, Building, Facade, Architecture, House, Door, Street, Window, City, Asphalt,
ELLEDECO家居廊

MERKATO位于瓦伦西亚的Eixample区,是一个由旧飞机库改造而来的美食市场和餐厅,设计出自设计工作室Francesc Rifé Studio,他们在保留原建筑的立面基础上加入了大量现代的设计语言,一定程度上传达了对城市历史的尊重。

Building, Architecture, Daylighting, Room, Metal, Hangar, Ceiling, Interior design, Steel, Warehouse,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Building, Architecture, Ceiling, Room, Interior design, Office, Loft, Warehouse, Hall,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Architecture, Shelf, Room, Furniture, Shelving, Rectangle, Building, Metal,
ELLEDECO家居廊

MERKATO地址:Calle del Mestre Racional 11, 46005 Valencia, Spain


Kaikaya餐厅

Room, Plant, Real estate, Architecture, Building, Stairs, Flower, Interior design,
ELLEDECO家居廊

瓦伦西亚的包容性也体现在他们的设计当中,由设计事务所Masquespacio打造的寿司店算得上是2018年度扬名国内外的网红店了。这里杂糅了和式的质感与巴西的热带风情,如果想要在瓦伦西亚体验一番当地所理解的异域情调,同时又吃腻了西班牙海鲜饭,可以选择来这里调剂一下。

Building, Property, Interior design, Room, Ceiling, Restaurant, Beam, Furniture,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Property, Room, Interior design, Building, Ceiling, Real estate, Architecture, Furniture, Restaurant, Leisure,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Property, Room, Interior design, Real estate, Table, House, Furniture, Building, Backyard, Tree,
ELLEDECO家居廊

Kaikaya地址:Plaza del Ayuntamiento 10, 46002 Valencia, Spain



03

色彩陶瓷之都

Sky, Place of worship, Architecture, Mosque, Building, Tourism,
ELLEDECO家居廊

无需你细心观察也能发现,在瓦伦西亚行走,时不时就会遇见一个被蓝色陶瓷覆盖的穹顶建筑。作为瓦伦西亚的另一大特产,陶瓷饰面被运用在了瓦伦西亚的大街小巷,变成了识别瓦伦西亚建筑特有的符号。

Architecture, Landmark, Building, Town, Facade, Tourism, City, Tourist attraction, Pedestrian, Street,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Market, Marketplace, Public space, Bazaar, Shopping mall, Retail, Shopping, Building, Human settlement, City,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Dome, Daylighting, Architecture, Ceiling, Building, Symmetry, Glass, Interior design, Circle, Window,
ELLEDECO家居廊

瓦伦西亚最受欢迎的中央市场在建筑的各个细节之处都有特有的花砖点缀。

Architecture, Landmark, Building, Holy places, Classical architecture, Historic site, Facade, Palace, Medieval architecture, Material property,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Property, Room, Interior design, Ceiling, Floor, Wall, Furniture, Tile, Building, Flooring,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Sculpture, Art, Design, Furniture, Architecture, Toy, Tourist attraction, Museum, Wood, Interior design,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Toy, Collection, Art, Sculpture, Visual arts, Figurine,
ELLEDECO家居廊

我们参观的Palace Marquis of Dos Aguas,除了保留了老建筑里洛可可时代的室内风格以及当时贵族使用的陶瓷装饰和日用品,还在特定的展览空间中偶遇近期正在展出的艺术陶瓷展览,与瓦伦西亚的陶瓷文化紧紧相连。

Vehicle, Car, Urban area, Architecture, Town, Building, Neighbourhood, Facade, Residential area, House,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Vehicle, Car, Town, Transport, Building, Facade, City car, Neighbourhood, Minivan, Compact mpv,
ELLEDECO家居廊

El Cabanyal老城区

不过,瓦伦西亚城中心的建筑设计或修缮在现代化进程中对陶瓷的运用相对克制,让这些趣味元素成为你城中寻宝的细微线索,想要真正充分感受瓦伦西亚的陶瓷艺术,不如预留半天时间,探访位于海滨老城区El Cabanyal,这里仍然保留着老村庄的建筑特色,绝对让你惊喜连连。

Property, Architecture, House, Building, Facade, Home, Balcony, Roof, Window, Real estate,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Tire, Motor vehicle, Wheel, Mode of transport, Blue, Road, Window, Vehicle, Street, Land vehicle,
ELLEDECO家居廊
Blue, Snapshot, Vacation, Summer, Fun, Photography, Walking, Street, Canidae, Child,
ELLEDECO家居廊

El Cabanyal的大小街道都被色彩包裹,从建筑到当地居民,组合呈现出一幅独特而曼妙的市井氛围。

El Cabanyal对于瓦伦西亚而言是个传奇的存在,原本要被政府为拓展Blasco Ibanez大道而要求拆除的住宅区域,在当地居民和民间组织Salvem el Cabanyal的联合抗争之下才得以保住。但他们并未像你想象中的“钉子户”那样任时光侵蚀老去,而是以自己独特的方式大放异彩,对街区进行优化、升级,成为瓦伦西亚最具特色的街区,没有之一。

Pattern, Blue, Visual arts, Design, Art, Symmetry, Textile, Pattern, Motif, Psychedelic art,
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Blue, Orange, Majorelle blue, Wall, Door, Architecture, Wood, Facade, Pattern, Window,
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老城区的建筑群里,即便是破旧的老宅也充满了趣味的陶瓷砖块细节。

Building, Property, Restaurant, Facade, Café, Coffeehouse, House, Mixed-use,
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Bookselling, Human, Retail, Building, House,
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转角好运还能碰见来自纽约的“嬉皮士”在这里开设的精品书店,在这里你可以找到他们联合学者对这片区域的建筑和花砖进行研究制作而成的册子和画册,带回家去,成为专属于这里的记忆。

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瓦伦西亚是个初看跟其他城市没有区别,但慢慢相处就会带给你无限惊喜的城市。它凭什么成为2022年的“世界设计之都”?这篇短短的内容只能给到你一个引子,DECO用3天的体验经验告诉你,这里还蕴藏着许多彩蛋只有等你亲身前往才能挖掘。未来,等你一起补充关于“世界设计之都”瓦伦西亚的答案!








监制 | Sugar

编辑、摄影 | 孙佳慧

其他图片 | 官方提供、David Zarzoso、 Nihil Estudio、Luis Beltran

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